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Glossary of Musical Terms

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  1. Articulation Terms (31)
  2. Beginner Musical Terms (120)
  3. Dynamics Terms (73)
  4. Expression Terms (84)
  5. French Musical Terms (119)
  6. German Musical Terms (96)
  7. Italian Musical Terms (152)
  8. Musical Terms A - Z (502)
  9. Tempo Terms (178)

8va

8vb

15ma

15mb

à l'aise

à la harpe

a piacere

a tempo

a tempo di menuetto

à volonté

(au mouvt.) au mouvement

abnehmend

(accel.) accelerando

accélérer le mouvement

accélérez

accent

accent prononcé

accentato

accentué

accidental

accompagnato

accord
Learn the meaning, pronunciation and multilingual synonyms of the French musical term 'accord.'

accordo
Learn the meaning, pronunciation and multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical term 'accordo.'

action

(ad lib.) ad libitum

adagietto

adagio

adagissimo

aerophone

affectueusement

affectueux
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French musical command 'affectueux.'

affettuoso

affrettando

agile

agitato

aisément
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms for the French tempo term 'aisément.'

Akkord
Learn the meaning, pronunciation and multilingual synonyms of the German musical term 'Akkord.'

Akzidens

al coda

al fine

al niente

alla breve

alla marcia

allant

(allarg.) allargando

allègre
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French tempo command 'allègre.'

allegretto

allegretto appassionata

allegrissimo

allegro

allegro moderato
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian tempo command 'allegro moderato.'

allmählich

alongez
The French musical term "alongez" affects the tempo of the music; learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of alongez. View Musical Terms A - Z or View All Rhythm & Tempo Terms.

altération
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French musical term "altération."

alterazione
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical term "alterazione."

amoroso

amoureusement
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French musical command 'amoureusement.'

amoureux
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French musical command 'amoureux.'

anacrusis

andante

andante moderato
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian tempo command 'andante moderato.'

andantino

animato

animez

anschwellend

anwachsend

arpège
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & synonyms of the French musical term 'arpège.'

arpeggiato

arpeggio

articulation

assai
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical term "assai," and see how it's used in piano music.

assez doux

assez fort

assez large
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French tempo command 'assez large.'

assez lent

assez vite

attacca

Auflösungszeichen
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German musical term & symbol 'Auflösungszeichen.'

augmented interval

(aug/M7) augmented major seventh chord

(aug7) augmented seventh chord

augmentez

äusserst breit
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German tempo command 'äusserst breit.'

äusserst schnell
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German tempo command 'äusserst schnell.'

avec douleur
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the French musical phrase 'avec douleur.'

avec tendresse
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French musical phrase 'avec tendresse.'

bar

barline

bass clef

bass staff

Bassschlüssel
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German musical term & symbol 'Bassschlüssel.'

Be
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German musical term "Be."

beat

beats per minute (BPM)

bécarre
The French musical term bécarre is a musical symbol written alongside a note to change its pitch. Learn the meanings of "bécarre," and learn about accidentals in piano music.

bémol
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French musical term "bémol."

bemolle
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical term "bemolle."

bent side

bequadro
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical term "bequadro."

beschleunigend

bewegt

Bindebogen
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German musical term & symbol 'Bindebogen.'

bird's eye

brace

bracket

breit

breiter

breiter werdend

bridge

brillante

brio

brioso

broken chord

broken octave

bruscamente

calando

capo

cédez

chord

choir

chordophone

clef

coda

come prima

comme à la harpe

comme un echo lointain

common time

con affetto

con amore

con brio

con delicatezza
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical phrase 'con delicatezza.'

con dolore
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical phrase 'con dolore.'

con espressione

concert pitch

concertino

concerto

concerto grosso

(cresc.) crescendo

cut time

D.C. al coda

D.C. al fine

D.S. al coda

D.S. al fine

da capo

dal niente

dal segno

dampers

de plus en plus doux

de plus en plus fort

début

decay

decrescendo

délicat
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French musical command 'délicat.'

détaché

devenir

devenir moins fort

devenir plus fort

(♯) dièse
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French musical term "dièse."

diesis
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical term "diesis."

diminished interval

(°maj7) diminished major seventh chord

(dim7) diminished seventh chord

(dim.) diminuendo

disposition

dolce

dolcemente
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical term 'dolcemente.'

dolcissimo

doloroso
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical term 'doloroso.'

(7) dominant seventh chord

Doppel-Be
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German musical term 'Doppel-Be.'

Doppelkreuz
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German musical term 'Doppelkreuz.'

doppio bemolle
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical term 'doppio bemolle.'

doppio diesis
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical term 'doppio diesis.'

dotted note

double-accidental
Learn how double-accidentals are used in music; why they're necessary, and the symbols used to mark double-sharps, double-flats, and double-naturals on the staff.

double barline

double bémol
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French musical term 'double bémol.'

double dièse
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French musical term 'double dièse.'

double-flat

double-sharp

doucement

douloureux

doux

downbeat

du signe

duplet

ein wenig schnell

empfindung

en accélérant

en animant

en croissant

en décroissant

en diminuant

en élargissant

en modérant

en ralentissant

en retardant

ergriffen
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German musical term 'ergriffen.'

erstes Zeitmass

espressivo

estinto

etwas breit
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German tempo command 'etwas breit.'

etwas lebhafter

etwas zurückhaltend

expressif

extrêmement doux

extrêmement fort

extrêmement large

extrêmement rapide
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French tempo command 'extrêmement rapide.'

extrêmement vif

F-clef

F-Schlüssel
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German musical term & symbol 'F-Schlüssel.'

fermata

feurig

fifth

final barline

fine

flat

flat five chord

fliessend

fort

fort-doux

fort suivi de doux

(f) forte

(fp) fortepiano

(ff) fortissimo

(fff) fortississimo

(fz) forzando
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical command 'forzando.'

frisch

fröhlich

fuocoso
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical command 'fuocoso.'

G-clef

G-Schlüssel
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German musical term & symbol 'G-Schlüssel.'

gänzlich ersterbend

gehend

gemächlich
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German tempo command 'gemächlich.'

gemässigt

Generalpause

gesangvoll

geschwind

grand staff

grave

grave
The Italian musical term "grave" is pronounced "graah-vay." Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian tempo command 'grave.'

great stave

halblaut

halbleise

halbstark

(ø) half-diminished seventh chord

half step

hammer

hand stop

harmony

Haupttempo

Hauptzeitmass

herzlich
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German musical term 'herzlich.'

Hilfslinie
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & synonyms of the German musical term 'Hilfslinie.'

immer langsam

indication de mouvement

interval
Learn about musical intervals. Half steps, whole steps, and octaves are all musical intervals, which are fundamental elements of musical composition. Learn the different musial intervals and browse musical terms A - Z.

irrational rhythm

jouer en mesure

jusqu'à la fin

key

key signature

keynote

kräftig

Kreuz
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the German musical term 'Kreuz.'

langsam

langsamer

largamente

Large

largement
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French tempo command 'largement.'

larghetto

larghissimo

largo

largo assai
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian tempo command 'largo assai.'

laut

lauter

lebhaft

lebhafter

ledger line

legato

légèrement

légèrement retenu

leggerissimo
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical command 'leggerissimo.'

leggermente
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical command 'leggermente.'

leggiero
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical command 'leggiero.'

leicht

Leidenschaft

leise

leiser

lent
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French tempo command 'lent.'

lentement

lentissimo

lento

lento assai
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian tempo command 'lento assai.'

liebevoll
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German musical term 'liebevoll.'

lieblich

lid

loco

lointain

lourdement

Luftpause

lustig
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German tempo command 'lustig.'

maestoso

(MD) main droite

(MG) main gauche

major chord

major scale

(M2) major second

(Maj7) major seventh chord

(M.D.) mano destra

(M.S.) mano sinistra

manual

marcatissimo
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & synonyms of the Italian musical command 'marcatissimo.'

marcato
The marcato note accent is one of the most commonly encountered in sheet music. Learn the meaning, pronunciation & synonyms of the Italian musical command 'marcato.'

mässig

measure

melody

meno
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical term "meno," and see how it's used in piano music.

meter

metronome

(mf) mezzo forte

(mp) mezzo piano

mi-doux

mi-fort

middle C

minor chord

minor scale

(min7) minor seventh chord

(m/M7) minor/major seventh chord

misterioso
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical term "misterioso," and see how it's used in piano music.

mit Ergriffenheit
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German musical phrase 'mit Ergriffenheit.'

mit grossem Ton

mittellaut

mittelleise

mittelstark

moderato

modéré

moins fort

moins vif

molto
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical term "molto," and see how it's used in piano music.

molto allegro
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian tempo command 'molto allegro.'

morendo

mouvement

movement

natural

nicht zurückhaltend

ninth chord
Learn how to build various types of ninth chords.

non troppo

nota punteggiata
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical term 'nota punteggiata.'

note

note beam

note pointée
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the French musical term 'note pointée.'

octave

off-beat

ottava

parallel key

pastorale

pausa
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & synonyms of the Italian musical term 'pausa.'

Pause
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & synonyms of the German musical term 'Pause.'

(P5) perfect fifth

(P4) perfect fourth

peu à peu

(pp) pianissimo

(ppp) pianississimo

(p) piano

più
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical term "più," and see how it's used in piano music.

plectra

plus doux

plus en plus doux

plus en plus fort

plus fort

plus lentement

plus vite

poco a poco

point de prolongation
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the French musical phrase 'point de prolongation.'

point d'orgue
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and synonyms of theFrench musical term point d'orgue.

premier mouvement

prestissimo
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian tempo command 'prestissimo.'

presto

punktierte Note
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the German musical term 'punktierte Note.'

punktierung
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the German musical term 'Punktierung.'

punto di valore
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical phrase 'punto di valore.'

quadruplet

quintuplet

ralentissez

(rall.) rallentando

range

rank

rapidamente
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian tempo command 'rapidamente.'

rapide

rapidement
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French tempo command 'rapidement.'

rasch
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German tempo command 'rasch.'

ravalement

register

relative key

repeat bar

repeat sign

rest

rester bien en mesure

retardez

retenu

retour au mouvement

reverse keyboard

rhythm

rhythm dot

(rfz) rinforzando

(rit.) ritardando

(riten.) ritenuto

rolled chord

root note

rubato

ruhig

scale

scherzando
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical term "scherzando" (or "scherzosamente") and see how it's used in piano music.

schnell

schneller

schwer
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German tempo command 'schwer.'

segno

sehr breit
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German tempo command 'sehr breit.'

sehr ruhig

semitone

semitono
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical term "semitono," and see how it's used in piano music.

sempre
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical term "sempre," and see how it's used in piano music.

septuplet / septimole

seventh

seventh chord

(7♭5) seventh flat five chord

(7♯5) seventh sharp five chord

sextuplet / sestolet

(sfz) sforzando

sharp

short octave

silence
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & synonyms of the French musical term 'silence.'

sixth chord
A sixth chord is a triad chord with an added 6th interval above the root.

(smorz.) smorzando

solfège
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French musical term 'solfège.'

solfeggio
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical term 'solfeggio.'

soundboard

speaking-length

spine

staccatissimo

staccato

staff

stark

stärker

subito

(sus) suspended chord

süss

tagli addizionali
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & synonyms of the Italian musical symbol 'tagli addizionali.'

tempo

tempo giusto
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical phrase "tempo giusto," and see how it's used in piano music.

tempo primo

tendrement
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French musical command 'tendrement.'

texture

third

tie

timbre

time signature

tone

tranquillamente

tranquille
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French tempo command 'tranquille.'

tranquillement
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French tempo command 'tranquillement.'

tranquillo

transposing keyboard

treble clef

treble staff

très doucement

très fort

très large
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French tempo command 'très large.'

très lent
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French tempo command 'très lent.'

très rapide
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French tempo command 'très rapide.'

très vif

très vite

triad

triplet

tuplet

upbeat

verbreiternd

verlangsamend

verringernd

verzögernd

vif

vigoureusement

Violinschlüssel
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German musical term & symbol 'Violinschlüssel.'

vite

vivace

vivacissimo
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian tempo command 'vivacissimo.'

volta bracket

wachsend

werdend

whole step

wie vorher

Zeitmass

ziemlich

ziemlich ruhig
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German tempo command 'ziemlich ruhig.'

zurückhaltend

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