Definition: A minor chord is a chord based on a minor scale, and is defined by three notes:
- Root note: The note upon which the chord is based. A B minor chord’s root note is B, no matter the inversion.
- Minor third: The third note in a minor scale, three half steps above the root note. In B minor, D is the minor third.
- Perfect fifth: The fifth note in a major and minor scale. The perfect fifth is seven half steps above the root note and four half steps above the minor third. In B minor, F# is the perfect fifth interval.
Mood of Minor:
Minor chords and scales are perceived as somber and melancholy; see major chord.