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Musical Symbols - Sheet Music Terms and Musical...
View the musical symbols of piano sheet music, including music notes and accents; foot pedal marks; accidentals; dynamics commands; bar lines; time signatures, and tempo commands. Some musical commands are abbreviated in sheet music (like 'sfz' and 'fff') -- learn the essential musical symbols and terms written in piano music, with clear illustrations and simple explanations.
Piano Notes Quiz - Musical Tests and Quizzes
Test your knowledge of the piano keyboard with this colorful quiz. Identify notes of the white and black piano keys, and see how well you're learning piano so far! Choose from 4-12 questions in this beginner piano quiz, then test your skills with more musical tests and quizzes!
Treble Note Quiz - Musical Tests and Quizzes
Test your ability to read notes on the treble staff with this beginner quiz. Get help memorizing the treble staff notes, and learn how to read accidentals. Identify the notes on the staff in this illustrated musical quiz!
Piano or Electric Keyboard? Which Instrument Is...
When it comes to learning and playing piano, there are some clear differences between acoustic and electric instruments that you’ll want to consider. For practical reasons, you should also figure out which will be easier for you to own and maintain. Learn the differences in learning on an acoustic piano versus learning on an electric keyboard, and choose which is best for you and your playing style.
Learn the Notes of the Piano Keyboard
There are only 7 full piano notes to remember. Notes of the black keys are easy to find once you learn the notes of the white piano keys. Learn how to find the notes of the piano with helpful illustrations and tips.
Is Your Piano Worth Anything?
Many factors decide the value of your piano; one of the biggest factors being its overall condition. To find your piano's value on your own, you need to do some legwork. This guide will teach you how to determine the value of your piano, and spot some common signs of damage.
5 Beautiful Piano Songs for the Brokenhearted
These sad, beautiful piano songs will sympathize with the brokenhearted. Pain has inspired great music, and listening to it reminds us that even legends are not immune to heartache.
Musical Definitions: What Does Sforzando Mean?
The Italian musical term sforzando looks quite strange to most people, but its definition is simple. Learn the meaning and pronunciation of sforzando (abbreviated as
Your How-To Guide on Reading Sheet Music
Chords come in various sizes, and can create various moods centered around harmony or dissonance.
Piano for Beginners: Learn How to Read Octave...
Musical dynamics control the volume of a song, and may be signified by words, symbols, or both.
Key Signature Quiz - Musical Tests and Quizzes
You need a good understanding of how key signatures are built, so you can read, play, and create music more instinctually. Test your knowledge of key signatures, musical scales, and accidentals with this key signature quiz. Choose from 5-20 questions, and correctly identify each key signature in this illustrated musical quiz!
Musical Definitions: What Does Ritardando Mean?
The musical term Ritardando. Piano.
Understanding Music Notes on the Grand Staff
Memorize piano bass staff notes with visual help and mnemonic devices. Page 2.
Learn How to Safely Whiten Those Yellowing...
Many people still don't know that they can whiten piano keys themselves. The most effective (and ivory-safe) methods for whitening piano keys involve everyday household items; learn how to whiten piano keys, and brighten up your instrument.
(rall.) rallentando
The Italian musical term rallentando literally means
8 Questions to Ask When Buying a Used Piano
If you're buying a used piano, you must know what to ask the seller before you purchase it. Learn 8 questions to ask before buying a used piano, so you can bring home the best instrument for you or your child. Before you visit a used piano, you can learn about its background. Ask the seller about the brand, model, year of manufacture, and if possible, the piano’s serial number; learn how to find the age and value of a used piano.
What's the Difference Between a Grand and Baby...
The most obvious difference between ‘regular’ grands and baby grands is size. Actually, these are just two of the many standard grand piano sizes, and the exact measurements can vary by manufacturer or location. Voices of the best baby grands are almost indistinguishable from those of proper grands; but this becomes less so as the size of the piano decreases.
8va
The musical command 8va - an abbreviation of the Italian 'ottava' (octave) - is an indication to play an octave higher than written. Learn more about 8va, 8vb & other octave commands.
New to Piano? Start By Learning the C Major Scale
Free, printable piano lessons for the beginner and beyond: Learn how to sight-read piano music and practice the various techniques used to successfully master piano-playing. View files directly on your screen, or download them in printable JPG, PNG, and PDF file formats.
How Do You Clean Piano Keys, Anyway?
To clean or disinfect your piano keys, you must follow some rules to avoid causing serious damage -- learn how to clean piano keys, and keep your keyboard healthy and bright.
Time Signature Quiz - Musical Tests and Quizzes
Test yourself on time signatures, measures, note-lengths, and how they all work together. This intermediate quiz challenges you on the mathematical side of music, and tests your rhythmic sight-reading abilities. Choose from 5 to 25 questions.
Music Note-Length Quiz - Musical Tests and...
Test yourself on music note lengths and values. Identify whole notes, half notes, quarter notes, eighth notes & more! Choose from 5 - 15 questions, or take quiz in U.K. English.
How to Find Middle C on Keyboards of Various...
Are you wondering where the middle C is on your smaller keyboard? These illustrations will help you find it on each of the four standard keyboard sizes.
(riten.) ritenuto
The Italian musical term. Piano.
Bass Staff Note Quiz - Musical Tests and Quizzes
Test your ability to read notes on the bass staff with this beginner quiz. Get help memorizing the bass staff notes, and learn how to read accidentals and chords. Practice identifying notes of the grand staff with this two-part illustrated quiz!
smorzando (smorz.)
Learn the definition of the Italian musical term smorzando (smorz) and its relation to the piano musical world.
Pitch Notation & Octave Naming
Pitch class simply refers to an octave from one C to the next; and each octave and C-note has its own universally understood name. The lowest notes on the piano (A0 and B0) belong to the
How to Find Middle C on the Piano
Middle C, also called. Piano.
Learn to Play Major and Minor Piano Scales
Major and minor scales are built similarly, but have a few distinct characteristics. Learn how major and minor scales are formed, and play common major and minor piano scales.
double barline
The definition of a double barline, including how the barline is used in musical composition and its variations.
Upright or Grand: What Type of Piano Is Right...
Grand pianos have their cons, just as upright pianos have their pros. It’s common to assume (thanks to price) that it’s the other way around. Compare upright and grand pianos; learn the sizes, timbres, and costs of vertical and horizontal pianos, and find out which best suits your playing needs.
Piano Lesson Book - Printable Piano Lesson Book
Free, printable piano practice lessons available in several file formats and sizes. Each lesson targets a specific technique, and ends with a practice song to perfect your new skills and exercise your sight-reading abilities. Start from the beginning, or pick up where you feel comfortable!
(x) double-sharp
A double-sharp is a musical symbol that makes a note's pitch higher by two half steps -- but what is the point of a double-sharp? Learn how double-accidentals are used in music; why they're necessary, and the symbols used to mark double-sharps on the staff.
Increase Your Knowledge of Diminished Chords
Diminished chords are characterized by their ambiguous and bizarre sound, and understanding the diminished chords will help you add new, exciting elements to your piano music. Learn about diminished chord intervals, abbreviations, and moods; and read about the unstable, or
Musical Definitions: What Does "Cut Time" Mean?
Cut time modifies the time signature in a song, and can be written in sheet music in a couple ways. Learn the meaning, synonyms, and symbols of cut time (or
Your How-To Guide on Piano Fingering
Not sure which fingers to play with? Read about piano fingering, and find out which fingers touch which notes on the keyboard. Learn how to read
(dim.) diminuendo
The musical term. Piano.
D.C. al fine
The Italian musical phrase D.C. al fine (or
measure
A measure is the space in which musical notes are written. Learn the meaning of a musical measure, and see how they're used in piano music. Measures are sections of a staff, separated by barlines; get the definition for measure, and browse musical terms A - Z.
D.C. al coda
The Italian musical phrase D.C. al coda is part of a system of complex musical repeats. Da capo al coda literally means from the head to the coda.
D.S. al coda
D.S. al coda is part of a complex system of musical repeats. The Italian musical phrase
A Beginner's Guide to Navigating the Piano...
The piano keyboard is arranged in a pattern that will help you find notes easily. Learn how to navigate the piano keys with helpful illustrations and tips. Both the C and F notes begin groups of accidentals, so you need to memorize which is which. There are few easy tricks to help...
How to Clean a Piano
You must clean a piano properly to avoid costly (and annoying) damage. Learn how to clean your piano, and avoid some common piano cleaning mistakes.
6 Things to Consider When Shopping for an...
Buying a musical keyboard is not easy these days; digital pianos come with seemingly endless options, sizes, and controls. Get a breakdown of your options, and get tips on what to look for when buying an electric keyboard.
anacrusis
Anacrusis means roughly the same thing in both music and poetry. Learn the meaning of the musical term
Piano Recital Dress Codes
Remember that when dressing for a piano recital, you’re dressing to perform. Some clothing and accessories can turn into annoying distractions on stage and prevent you from playing your best. Avoid surprises by practicing in your piano recital clothes at least one time before your performance date, and always choose clothes in which you’ll be physically and mentally comfortable!
subito
: The Italian musical term subito , which means “quickly; suddenly,” is used alongside other musical
fine
The Italian musical term fine. Piano.
Learn to Play Piano Chords and Scales With Your...
To play piano, the left hand has to match the right hand in strength and dexterity. Knowing the correct piano fingering for the left hand improves playing speed, and eases the formation of piano chords. Learn about left hand piano fingering, and enhance your playing.
Your Step-by-Step Guide to Reading and Playing...
Learn how to read and play piano music. This lesson teaches you how to play the C major and G major piano scales; introduces you to simple piano chords and melodies, and guides you with helpful illustrations. Learn how to read piano music once and for all.
Learn to Play G Major Piano Triads
G maj chord: G B D | Learn easy major chords for piano, with illustrated keyboard fingering and treble staff notation.
Easy Piano Chords for Beginners
Various chords & inversions with illustrated keyboards, piano fingering, and staff notation.
accidental
What is an accidental in music? Accidentals modify musical notes, and they come in three forms. See illustrated examples of accidentals in sheet music, and learn how they affect piano music.
5 Piano Songs for Creating a Romantic Mood
These romantic piano songs are for creating the perfect ambiance for love. Whether you prefer soft and romantic, or mysterious and sultry, add these to your play list and watch your lover melt.
octave
An octave is a large musical interval that separates two of the same notes. There are 12 semitones in the chromatic scale, while the diatonic scale has 7 unique notes (but spans 8). Learn more about octaves, note-frequencies, and learn multilingual synonyms and abbreviations for the musical term octave.
broken chord
Not all chords are played the same. Learn the meaning of a broken chord, and find out how they're played on the piano.
8vb
: The musical symbol 8vb (an abbreviation of ottava bassa , or “low octave ”) is an indication to play
(♯) sharp
A sharp (♯, but also # in type) is a musical symbol that modifies the pitch of a note by the smallest Western interval: a half step. Learn more about sharps, flats, and other accidentals; and see how it's used in piano music.
(♭♭) double-flat
A double-flat is a musical symbol that makes a note's pitch lower by two half steps -- but what is the point of a double-flat? Learn how double-accidentals are used in music; why they're necessary, and the symbols used to mark double-flats on the staff.
10 Revolutionary Jazz Pianists Everyone Should...
Jazz music wouldn't be what it is today if it weren't for these 10 piano masters. Learn what they did to change jazz forever.
Major Piano Triad Chords
F# maj chord: F# A# C# | Learn easy major chords for piano, with illustrated keyboard fingering and treble staff notation.
What Do Musicians Mean When They Talk About...
Musical texture is a way to describe the complexity of a musical composition. Texture can be described in a few common ways; learn about musical texture, and see how it applies to piano music.
triplet
A triplet – a type of “tuplet” – is a group of three notes played inside another note-length.
Turns - Piano Ornaments
Turns and inverted turns explained on the piano staff.
D.S. al fine
D.S. al fine is part of a complex system of musical repeats. The Italian musical phrase
allegretto
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian tempo command 'allegretto.'
accent
: A musical accent can refer to: A symbol that changes the way a note sounds. For example, a staccato
morendo
The Italian musical term. Piano.
articulation
Musical articulation is one of the first things you will learn about as a new musician. See how articulation is marked in sheet music, and learn how it affects piano music.
(rfz) rinforzando
The Italian musical term. Piano.
Learn the Proper Fingering for Ascending Piano...
Learn which fingers touch which keys when playing the piano. This illustrated walk-through lets you practice fingered scales, while explaining basic finger techniques used for both white and black keys.
Why are there only five black piano keys per...
Black piano keys are sharps or flats, and the black piano keys' notes can be identified by its surrounding white keys. Learn more about sharps and flats of the piano with helpful illustrations, and clear explanations of the black piano keys.
repeat bar
: A repeat bar is a musical symbol resembling a final barline with two dots in the middle spaces of the
10 Tips for Buying an Acoustic Piano
When shopping for an acoustic piano, you have a lot to consider. Learn 10 crucial tips to use when shopping for a new or used acoustic piano, and learn what you need to know before buying a piano.
tie
A tie is a very common musical symbol. Learn the meaning of a musical
(♮) natural
: A natural is: A symbol (♮) placed before a note that cancels out a previous accidental ; used in two
Is the Yamaha P95 Digital Piano Worth Your...
Hands-on review of Yamaha's P95 digital piano. Learn its pros & cons, features, voices & effects, price, speaker-quality, and more. 88-keys - Rating: 4 stars.
Learn How to Polish Your Piano the Right Way
Pianos usually come in one of two wood finishes: Lacquer or polymer. Different pianos must be polished differently to avoid damage and undesirable results. Learn how to properly polish a piano, handle common problems with lacquer or polyester piano finishes.
The Best Conditions For Piano Acoustics and...
Learn the Best Piano Conditions for Acoustics and Health: What is the best room for a piano? Certain environments are detrimental to piano health, and the best room conditions for an acoustic piano are not always ideal for an electric piano. Room furnishings should also enhance the piano's voice; learn easy ways to adjust piano room acoustics and climate, and create the best room for your piano.
“Adeste Fideles” English &...
English and Latin lyrics to the Christmas carol 'Adeste Fideles', or 'O Come All Ye Faithful', along with a link to guitar chords for the carol.
common time
Common time, or. Piano.
Yamaha P85 - 88-Key Digital Piano
Get a review of Yamaha P85 musical keyboard. Learn about features, sound libraries, and read the pros and cons of this 88-key digital piano. Rating: 4 stars.
6 Worst Places to Put Your Piano
Learn 6 of the worst places to put a piano. To keep your instrument healthy, you must avoid placing your piano in detrimental room conditions. Room size and furnishings also affect the sound of your piano; read more to learn about the best and worst places to put a piano.
Yamaha PSR-E423 - 61-Key Portable Keyboard
Hands-on review of Yamaha's PSR-E423 portable keyboard. Learn its pros & cons, features, voices & effects, price, speaker-quality, and more. 76 keys - Rating: 3.5 stars.
Musical Definitions: What Is Timbre?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Definition: Timbre
root note
The root note is the fundamental note of a chord. It's important to note that the root does not always take the bass position -- meaning it won't always be the bottom note of the chord written on the staff (see
Musical Quizzes - Notation, Theory and Musical...
Free, illustrated musical quizzes on notation, music theory, sheet music symbols, keyboard & staff notes, and more! Beginner, intermediate, and advanced difficulty levels -- no registration necessary. Key Signature Quiz; Tempo Command Quiz; Dynamics Symbols Quiz; Identify the Piano Notes; Treble Staff / Bass Staff Note Quiz; Test Yourself on Note-Lengths in U.S. or U.K. English; Advanced Time Signature & Rhythm Quiz.
(cresc.) crescendo
The Italian musical term crescendo (abbreviated cresc.) is an indication to gradually increase the volume of a song until otherwise noted.
third
A third is an interval equal to three scale degrees that is most often major or minor*: Major Third (M3) Equal to four half steps.
più
: The Italian musical term più means “more,” and is used with other musical commands to increase their
fermata
A fermata is a very common symbol in piano music, and one of the first you will learn. A fermata, or bird's eye, affects articulation. Learn the meaning of the Italian musical term.
Counting Musical Tuplets With Audio
When learning to play musical tuplets (note-groupings of irrational rhythm), audio examples are extremely helpful. Conventional notes are divisible and expandable by twos, while tuplets split portions of musical time into
How to Count and Play Musical Triplets
Learn With Audio: A musical triplet is a note-grouping of three, which fits inside the length of another note. For example, an eighth-note triplet spans one quarter-note.
allegro
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian tempo command 'allegro.'
Sharpen Those Piano Skills and Learn the E...
The key of A major / F-sharp minor has three sharps: Illustrated map of the sharp key signatures with relative minors. View key signatures on the treble and bass staves; memorize the order of the accidentals, and learn the chords of each musical key.
time signature
A time signature is a large fraction written at the beginning of a musical staff after its clef and key signature. It explains the meter of a song; the top number shows how many beats are in a measure, and the bottom number specifies the length of the main beat. Learn more about time signatures; which are most commonly seen, and the difference between simple, compound, and complex musical meter.
Dominant 7th & Major 7th Piano Chords
Dmaj7 chord: D - F# - A - C | Major 7th and minor/major chords with illustrated keyboard fingering and piano staff notation.
key
A musical key is a scale upon which a musical composition is based. Learn more about musical keys; key signatures, and relative major and minor keys, and browse musical terms A - Z.
How to Read Piano Sheet Music
Learn the essentials of reading keyboard music from the very beginning, or pick up where you need some extra help. How to read piano sheet music & notation for beginners.
Casio CDP-100 - 88-Key Digital Piano
Hands-on review of Casio's CDP-100 digital piano. Learn its pros & cons, features, sound libraries & voices, price, speaker-quality, and more. 88-keys - Rating: 3.5 stars.
accelerando
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical term 'accelerando.'
All You Wanted to Know about Enharmonic Key...
Technically, any scale or key can go by two names; but the enharmonic key signatures are used in everyday music theory. These completely identical scales (enharmonic equivalents) are seen in both the sharp and flat key signatures. Learn which keys are enharmonic equivalents, and why they're even necessary in music theory. Let's look at their scales' notes: You'll notice each keynote points to the same note on the piano keyboard. These notes are enharmonically equivalent.
dolce
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical command dolce.
4 Rules for Piano Health
Learn about dust and mold prevention; ideal temperature and humidity levels for a piano, and learn about simple, everyday piano care.
a tempo
The Italian musical phrase. Piano.
cédez
: The French musical command cédez (meaning “yield; slow”) is an indication to gradually decrease the
harmony
Harmony is what occurs when two or more notes are played at the same time. Learn more about harmony, melody, and musical texture, and see how they're applied in piano music.
affrettando
: The Italian musical term affrettando indicates a rushed, nervous accelerando ; to hastily increase
(♭) flat
A flat is a musical symbol or note whose pitch has been modified. Learn about flats and other accidentals, and see visual examples of musical symbols. Browse musical terms A - Z.
(allarg.) allargando
The Italian musical term. Piano.
Why is 4/4 time written with a c-shaped symbol?
Learn the history behind the c-shaped semicircle used to represent the 4/4 time signature.
When should I have my piano tuned?
Two tunings per year has become the acceptable standard, but depending on your climate there’s a chance that won’t be enough.
andante
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian tempo command 'andante.'
adagio
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian tempo command 'adagio.'
moderato
The Italian musical command. Piano.
beat
A musical beat is an essential element of rhythm and tempo. Learn about beats; how they're organized by a time signature, and how they're indicated in piano music.
(ff) fortissimo
The Italian musical term. Piano.
Beginner Bass Chords for Piano
Learning to play bass chords on piano is a great way to enhance your piano music and strengthen your playing skills as a beginner. Playing the piano chords in the key of C lets you to learn major, minor, and diminished chords without having to play any black piano keys. Get tips on chord fingering, bass staff notation, and listen to audio samples of the chord inversions.
rubato
The Italian musical term. Piano.
repeat sign
Musical repeat signs include the
chord
Learn about different types of chords found in piano music.
Scientific Pitch Notation - Keyboard With...
'Scientific Pitch Notation,' or SPN, is one of several octave-naming systems, and is used primarily in the U.S. SPN provides a quick way to reference a specific pitch using a combination of note-letters and numbers; for example middle C is written C4. View a complete piano keyboard labeled with scientific pitch notation and key frequencies, and learn the different formats in which SPN may be written. The Acoustical Society of America was responsible for the creation of SPN in 1939.
How to Inspect a Piano for Damage
How to buy a used piano: If you're buying a used piano -- or you want to gauge the health of your own -- you should learn how to detect both internal and external piano damage. Learn six warning signs you can spot for yourself, inside and out.
a tempo di menuetto
: The Italian musical phrase a tempo di menuetto * is an indication to play with the style and “ tempo
(mf) mezzo forte
The Italian musical phrase mezzo forte (abbreviated as
forte (f)
: Forte is an indication to play loudly; louder than mezzo forte , but softer than fortissimo . Forte
Musical Dynamics Quiz - Musical Tests and Quizzes
Test yourself on musical dynamics: Identify volume commands, musical symbols affecting tone, and name the dynamic abbreviations. Challenge your understanding of music theory and notation with this illustrated musical quiz -- choose between 4 and 16 questions.
allegro moderato
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian tempo command 'allegro moderato.'
Casio WK-200 - 76-Key Portable Keyboard
Review of Casio's 76-key portable keyboard model WK-200. Rating: 4 stars
espressivo
The Italian musical term. Piano.
piano (p)
The musical term. Piano.
Korg SP250 - 88-Key Digital Piano
Hands-on review of the Korg SP250 digital piano. Learn its pros & cons, features, voices & effects, price, speaker-quality, and more. 88-keys - Rating: 5 stars.
loco
The Italian musical command loco is used with a very popular musical symbol. Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of 'loco.'
(pp) pianissimo
The Italian musical term. Piano.
staccato
The musical term. Piano.
middle C
Middle C is a very important note in piano music; the piano keyboard is based around middle C, and it's also the border between treble notes and bass notes. Learn all about middle C, and browse musical terms A - Z.
legato
The Italian musical term. Piano.
Yamaha NP-30 - 76-Key Digital Piano
Hands-on review of Yamaha's NP-30 digital piano/portable keyboard. Learn its pros & cons, features, voices & effects, price, speaker-quality, and more. 76 keys - Rating: 2.5 stars.
Used Piano Pros & Cons
Learn the pros and cons of used pianos: Piano value depends on many factors, and used pianos have a longer list of factors to consider. “Used” doesn’t always mean economical, so it’s best to set a budget while getting a good idea of what you want in a piano.
Key Signature Tables – Outline of the 15...
Complete table of the fifteen key signatures and their relative minors. Learn how many accidentals are in each key; which key signatures have enharmonic equivalents, and which keys only exist in theory. This breakdown of the circle of fifths will help you better understand the diatonic scale, and improve your knowledge of the sharp and flat key signatures.
(ad lib.) ad libitum
The musical phrase. Piano.
keynote
What is a keynote? The musical term
calando
The Italian musical term. Piano.
Yamaha Piaggero NP-V80 - 76-Key Digital Portable
Hands-on review of Yamaha's Piaggero NP-V80 digital piano. Learn its pros & cons, features, voices & effects, price, speaker-quality, and more. 76-keys - Rating: 4 stars.
(mp) mezzo piano
The Italian musical phrase mezzo piano is abbreviated as mp. Learn the pronunciation and alternate spellings of the term.
a piacere
The Italian musical term. Piano.
andantino
Andantino is sometimes defined as slightly slower than andante, in which case its BPM is between 64-72. Pronunciation: ahn'-dahn-TEE-noh
Diminished 7th & Half-Diminished Piano Chords
A°7 chord: A - C - Eb - Gb | Diminished 7th & half-diminished chords with illustrated keyboard fingering and piano staff notation.

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