1. Home
Send to a Friend via Email

Tempo Terms

# | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | Z | View All

   ▪ Articulation Terms                 ▪ Beginner Piano Terms
   ▪ Dynamics Terms                   ▪ Italian Musical Terms
   ▪ Expression & Mood Terms          ▪ French Musical Terms
   ▪ Tempo Terms                       ▪ German Musical Terms

à l'aise

a piacere

a tempo

a tempo di menuetto

à volonté

(accel.) accelerando

accélérez

(au mouvt.) au mouvement

accompagnato

(ad lib.) ad libitum

adagietto

adagio

adagissimo

affrettando

agile

alla breve

alla marcia

allant

(allarg.) allargando

allègre
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French tempo command 'allègre.'

allegretto

allegretto appassionata

allegrissimo

allegro

allegro moderato
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian tempo command 'allegro moderato.'

alongez
The French musical term "alongez" affects the tempo of the music; learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of alongez. View Musical Terms A - Z or View All Rhythm & Tempo Terms.

anacrusis

andante

andante moderato
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian tempo command 'andante moderato.'

andantino

assez large
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French tempo command 'assez large.'

assez lent

assez vite

attacca

äusserst breit
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German tempo command 'äusserst breit.'

äusserst schnell
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German tempo command 'äusserst schnell.'

bar

beat

Beats per Minute (BPM)
Beats per minute (BPM) are marked in piano music with numbers as metronome marks; or with tempo terms, often in Italian. Learn the meaning of BPM, and see how it affects piano music.

beschleunigend

bird's eye
A bird's eye is a very common symbol in piano music. Learn the more common word for "bird's eye," and see how it's marked in piano music.

bracket
A horizontal bracket -- not to be confused with a volta bracket -- is used to rhythmically organize notes inside a tuplet; or to group together notes that may not be connected by a note beam. Learn more about how horizontal brackets are used in piano music, and why they can ease the reading of musical notation.

breit

breiter

breiter werdend

calando

cédez

come prima

common time

cut time

dotted note
A dotted note (not to be confused with staccato) is a note with a small dot to the right of its note-head, which increases its length by 50%; half of its original value. Double and triple-dotted notes are less common, but are seen in piano music. Learn how to count dotted notes and music rests easily, and how they're written on different parts of the staff.

downbeat

duplet
A duplet is a group of two notes that fits in the length of three of its note-type; an eighth-note duplet spans the length of three 8th notes of normal length. Learn how to count, play, and notate duplets, and perfect your irrational rhythm with helpful audio examples.

ein wenig schnell

en accélérant

en élargissant

en modérant

en ralentissant

en retardant

erstes Zeitmass

etwas breit
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German tempo command 'etwas breit.'

etwas lebhafter

etwas zurückhaltend

extrêmement large
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French tempo command 'extrêmement large.'

extrêmement rapide
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French tempo command 'extrêmement rapide.'

extrêmement vif

fermata
A fermata is a very common symbol in piano music, and one of the first you will learn. A fermata, or bird's eye, affects articulation. Learn the meaning of the Italian musical term "fermata," and see how it's marked in piano music.

fröhlich

gänzlich ersterbend

gehend

gemächlich
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German tempo command 'gemächlich.'

gemässigt

Generalpause

geschwind

grave

grave
The Italian musical term "grave" is pronounced "graah-vay." Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian tempo command 'grave.'

Haupttempo

Hauptzeitmass

immer langsam

indication de mouvement

irrational rhythm

jouer en mesure

langsam

langsamer

largamente

large

largement
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French tempo command 'largement.'

larghetto
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian tempo command 'larghetto.'

larghissimo
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian tempo command 'larghissimo.'

largo

largo assai
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian tempo command 'largo assai.'

lebhaft

lebhafter

légèrement retenu

lent
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French tempo command 'lent.'

lentement

lentissimo

lento

lento assai
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian tempo command 'lento assai.'

Luftpause

lustig
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German tempo command 'lustig.'

mässig

measure

meter

metronome

moderato

modéré

moins vif

molto allegro
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian tempo command 'molto allegro.'

morendo

mouvement

nicht zurückhaltend

note beam
A note beam attaches smaller note-values together, organizing them rhythmically, and making them easier to read. Depending on the time signature, eighth-notes may be beamed together by twos, threes, or fours; though this doesn't affect the notation's rhythm. Learn more about using note beams, and how to write them with different note-lengths.

off-beat

plus lentement

plus vite

premier mouvement

prestissimo
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian tempo command 'prestissimo.'

presto

quadruplet

quintuplet

ralentissez

(rall.) rallentando

rapidamente
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian tempo command 'rapidamente.'

rapide

rapidement
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French tempo command 'rapidement.'

rasch
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German tempo command 'rasch.'

rest
Musical rests are symbols that replace notes in a measure, and follow a few key rules. Learn about musical rests, and see how they're written in piano music.

rester bien en mesure

retardez

retenu

rhythm

rhythm dot

(rit.) ritardando

(riten.) ritenuto

rubato

ruhig

schnell

schneller

schwer
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German tempo command 'schwer.'

sehr breit
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German tempo command 'sehr breit.'

sehr ruhig

septuplet / septimole

sextuplet / sestolet

(smorz.) smorzando

tempo

tempo giusto
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical phrase "tempo giusto," and see how it's used in piano music.

tempo primo

time signature
A time signature is a large fraction written at the beginning of a musical staff after its clef and key signature. It explains the meter of a song; the top number shows how many beats are in a measure, and the bottom number specifies the length of the main beat. Learn more about time signatures; which are most commonly seen, and the difference...

tranquillamente
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian tempo command 'tranquillamente.'

tranquille
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French tempo command 'tranquille.'

tranquillement
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French tempo command 'tranquillement.'

tranquillo

très large
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French tempo command 'très large.'

très lent
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French tempo command 'très lent.'

très rapide
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French tempo command 'très rapide.'

très vif

très vite

triplet

tuplet
A "tuplet" is group of notes that fits inside the length of another note-value. Tuplets are grouped together with a beam, bracket, or slur, and are marked with a small number or ratio. Among the most common tuplets is the eighth-note (quaver) triplet -- three notes that spans the length of one quarter-note (crochet). Learn how to count and notate different tuplets, and perfect your rhythm with audio examples.

upbeat

verbreiternd

verlangsamend

verzögernd

vif

vite

vivace

vivacissimo
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian tempo command 'vivacissimo.'

wie vorher

Zeitmass

ziemlich ruhig
Learn the meaning, BPM, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German tempo command 'ziemlich ruhig.'

zurückhaltend

note pointée
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the French musical term 'note pointée.'

punktierte Note
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the German musical term 'punktierte Note.'

punktierung
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the German musical term 'Punktierung.'

nota punteggiata
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical term 'nota punteggiata.'

point de prolongation
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the French musical phrase 'point de prolongation.'

punto di valore
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical phrase 'punto di valore.'

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.