Definition: Texture describes the complexity of a musical composition. The word texture is used because adding different layers or elements to music creates a musical “tapestry.” Texture can be simple or elaborate, and is described with the following terms:
- Monophonic: A single line of melody.
- Biphonic: Two different, simultaneous melodies.
- Heterophonic: A slightly elaborated melody with one or two voices; some intervals.
- Homophonic: A single line of melody with chords or accompaniment (see concerto).
- Polyphonic: A composition with many voices and harmonies.