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Musical Terms A - Z

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8va

8vb

15ma

15mb

à l'aise

à la harpe

a piacere

a tempo

a tempo di menuetto

à volonté

(au mouvt.) au mouvement

abnehmend

(accel.) accelerando

accélérer le mouvement

accélérez

accent

accent prononcé

accentato

accentué

accord
Learn the meaning, pronunciation and multilingual synonyms of the French musical term 'accord.'

accidental

arpège
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & synonyms of the French musical term "arpège."

accordo
Learn the meaning, pronunciation and multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical term 'accordo.'

Akkord
Learn the meaning, pronunciation and multilingual synonyms of the German musical term 'Akkord.'

amoureusement
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French musical command 'amoureusement.'

amoureux
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French musical command 'amoureux.'

affectueux
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French musical command 'affectueux.'

avec tendresse
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French musical phrase 'avec tendresse.'

accompagnato

action

(ad lib.) ad libitum

adagietto

adagio

adagissimo

aerophone

affectueusement

affettuoso

affrettando

agile

agitato

aisément

Akzidens

al coda

al fine

al niente

alla breve

alla marcia

allant

(allarg.) allargando

allègre

allegrissimo

allegretto

allegretto appassionata

allegro

allegro moderato

allmählich

alongez

altération

alterazione

amoroso

anacrusis

andante

andante moderato

andantino

animato

animez

anschwellend

anwachsend

arpeggiato

arpeggio

articulation

assai

assez doux

assez fort

assez large

assez lent

assez vite

attacca

Auflösungszeichen

augmented interval

(aug7) augmented seventh chord

(aug/M7) augmented major seventh chord

augmentez

äusserst breit

äusserst schnell

bar

barline

bass clef

bass staff

Bassschlüssel

Be

beat

beats per minute (BPM)

bécarre

bémol

bemolle

bent side

bequadro

beschleunigend

bewegt

Bindebogen

bird's eye

brace

bracket

breit

breiter

breiter werdend

bridge

brillante

brio

brioso

broken chord

broken octave

bruscamente

con delicatezza
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian phrase 'con delicatezza.'

calando

capo

cédez

choir

chord

chordophone

clef

coda

come prima

comme à la harpe

comme un echo lointain

common time

con affetto

con amore

con brio

double-accidental
Learn how double-accidentals are used in music; why they're necessary, and the symbols used to mark double-sharps, double-flats, and double-naturals on the staff.

con espressione

concert pitch

concertino

concerto

concerto grosso

délicat
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French musical command 'délicat.'

dolcemente
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical term 'dolcemente.'

(cresc.) crescendo

cut time

D.C. al coda

D.C. al fine

D.S. al coda

D.S. al fine

da capo

dal niente

dal segno

dampers

de plus en plus doux

de plus en plus fort

début

decay

decrescendo

détaché

devenir

devenir moins fort

devenir plus fort

dièse

diesis

diminished interval

(dim7) diminished seventh chord

(°maj7) diminished major seventh chord

(dim.) diminuendo

disposition

dolce

dolcissimo

(7) dominant seventh chord

Doppel-Be

Doppelkreuz

doppio bemolle

doppio diesis

dotted note

double barline

double bémol

double dièse

double-flat

double-sharp

doucement

ergriffen
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German musical term 'ergriffen.'

douloureux

doux

downbeat

du signe

duplet

ein wenig schnell

empfindung

en accélérant

en animant

en croissant

en décroissant

en diminuant

en élargissant

en modérant

en ralentissant

en retardant

erstes Zeitmass

espressivo

estinto

etwas breit

etwas lebhafter

etwas zurückhaltend

expressif

extrêmement doux

extrêmement fort

extrêmement large

extrêmement rapide

extrêmement vif

F-clef

F-Schlüssel

fermata

feurig

fifth

final barline

(fz) forzando
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical command 'forzando.'

fuocoso
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical command 'fuocoso.'

fine

flat

flat five chord

fliessend

fort

fort-doux

fort suivi de doux

(f) forte

(fp) fortepiano

(ff) fortissimo

(fff) fortississimo

frisch

fröhlich

G-clef

Hilfslinie
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & synonyms of the German musical term "Hilfslinie."

G-Schlüssel

gänzlich ersterbend

gehend

gemächlich

gemässigt

Generalpause

gesangvoll

geschwind

giusto

herzlich
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German musical term 'herzlich.'

grand staff

grave (French)

grave (Italian)

great stave

halblaut

halbleise

halbstark

(ø) half-diminished seventh chord

half step

hammer

leggerissimo
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical command 'leggerissimo.'

hand stop

leggiero
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical command 'leggiero.'

harmony

leggermente
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical command 'leggermente.'

Haupttempo

Hauptzeitmass

immer langsam

indication de mouvement

interval

irrational rhythm

jouer en mesure

jusqu'à la fin

key

liebevoll
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German musical term 'liebevoll.'

key signature

keynote

kräftig

Kreuz

langsam

langsamer

largamente

largement

larghetto

large

larghissimo

largo

largo assai

laut

lauter

lebhaft

lebhafter

ledger line

legato

légèrement

légèrement retenu

leicht

Leidenschaft

leise

leiser

lentissimo

lent

lentement

lento

lento assai

loco

lid

lointain

lieblich

lourdement

Luftpause

lustig

(MD) main droite

(M.D.) mano destra

(MG) main gauche

mit Ergriffenheit
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the German musical phrase 'mit Ergriffenheit.'

(M.S.) mano sinistra

maestoso

major chord

major scale

(M2) major second

(Maj7) major seventh chord

manual

mässig

meno

measure

melody

meter

metronome

(mf) mezzo forte

(mp) mezzo piano

mi-doux

mi-fort

middle C

minor chord

minor scale

nota punteggiata
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical term 'nota punteggiata.'

note pointée
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the French musical term 'note pointée.'

misterioso

(m7) minor seventh chord

(m/M7) minor/major seventh chord

mit grossem Ton

ninth chord
Learn how to build various types of ninth chords.

mittellaut

pausa
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & synonyms of the Italian musical term "pausa."

Pause
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & synonyms of the German musical term "Pause."

mittelleise

mittelstark

moderato

modéré

molto

moins fort

moins vif

molto allegro

morendo

mouvement

movement

natural

nicht zurückhaltend

non troppo

note

note beam

octave

off-beat

ottava

(P5) perfect fifth

parallel key

pastorale

(P4) perfect fourth

peu à peu

(p) piano

più

(pp) pianissimo

(ppp) pianississimo

plus en plus doux

plectra

plus en plus fort

plus doux

plus fort

plus lentement

plus vite

poco a poco

presto

premier mouvement

prestissimo

quindicesima

quindicesima bassa

quadruplet

quintuplet

ralentissez

(rall.) rallentando

range

rank

rapidamente

rapide

rapidement

solfeggio
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical term "solfeggio."

solfège
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French musical term "solfège."

silence
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & synonyms of the French musical term 'silence.'

rasch

ravalement

register

relative key

sixth chord
A sixth chord is a triad chord with an added 6th interval above the root.

repeat bar

repeat sign

rest

rester bien en mesure

retour au mouvement

retardez

retenu

reverse keyboard

rhythm

rhythm dot

(rfz) rinforzando

(rit.) ritardando

(riten.) ritenuto

rolled chord

root note

rubato

scherzando

ruhig

scale

schnell

schneller

schwer

segno

sehr breit

semitono

sehr ruhig

sempre

semitone

septuplet / septimole

(7♭5) seventh flat five chord

tagli addizionali
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & synonyms of the Italian musical symbol "tagli addizionali."

seventh

seventh chord

(7♯5) seventh sharp five chord

sextuplet / sestolet

(sfz) sforzando

sharp

short octave

(smorz.) smorzando

soundboard

speaking-length

spine

staff

staccatissimo

staccato

stave

stark

stärker

subito

(sus) suspended chord

süss

tempo giusto

tempo

tendrement
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and multilingual synonyms of the French musical command 'tendrement.'

tempo primo

texture

third

tie

timbre

time signature

tone

tranquillamente

tranquille

tranquillement

tranquillo

transposing keyboard

treble clef

treble staff

très doucement

très fort

très large

très lent

très rapide

très vif

très vite

triad

triplet

tuplet

upbeat

verbreiternd

verlangsamend

verringernd

verzögernd

Violinschlüssel

vif

vigoureusement

vite

vivace

wachsend

vivacissimo

volta bracket

werdend

whole step

wie vorher

Zeitmass

ziemlich

ziemlich ruhig

zurückhaltend

punktierte Note
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the German musical term 'punktierte Note.'

point de prolongation
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the French musical phrase 'point de prolongation.'

punktierung
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the German musical term 'Punktierung.'

punto di valore
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical phrase 'punto di valore.'

con dolore
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical phrase 'con dolore.'

avec douleur
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the French musical phrase 'avec douleur.'

doloroso
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & multilingual synonyms of the Italian musical term 'doloroso.'

marcatissimo
Learn the meaning, pronunciation & synonyms of the Italian musical command 'marcatissimo.'

marcato
The marcato note accent is one of the most commonly encountered in sheet music. Learn the meaning, pronunciation & synonyms of the Italian musical command 'marcato.'

point d'orgue
Learn the meaning, pronunciation, and synonyms of theFrench musical term point d'orgue.

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